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醉夢浮生

Develop students' divergent thinking skills

【Abstract】Innovation refers to the use of all known information according to a certain purpose and task, through active dynamic thinking activities, to break through existing facts and frameworks, and to obtain a new way of solving problems or to generate social and The intellectual nature of an individual's extremely valuable product. The important feature of today's knowledge economy era that distinguishes it from the agricultural economy and the industrial economy era is continuous innovation. Innovation is the soul of the knowledge economy. This article mainly discusses some practices for cultivating students' innovative consciousness from junior high school chemistry teaching.
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Today, mankind is facing a new economic era - the era of knowledge economy. The key to whether or not to accept the challenge of the era of knowledge-based economy lies in whether a large number of talents with knowledge innovation and technological innovation can be cultivated. To strengthen the quality education era and the needs of social development, it is not only the current trend of China's education reform, but also the current trend of education reform in the world. How to give full play to the advantages of chemistry education and train students to cultivate innovative qualities is one of the most important topics explored by chemical education workers in Guangdong.
First, link life, cultivate students' sense of innovation
The cultivation of innovation consciousness is also the cultivation of ideas and awareness of innovation, innovation, and innovation. Only under the guidance of a strong sense of innovation can people produce strong incentives for innovation. Establish innovative goals to realize innovative potential and intelligence. Chemistry is the subject of research on the composition, structure, properties, and changes of substances, and is closely related to society. It can be said that the entire history of chemical development is a creation history and invention history that links society and serves society.
With the development of society, chemistry and society are getting closer.
The theme of the 1994 International Ski Education Conference (ICCE) was to emphasize that chemistry is the central subject of the coming century and plays an important role in the environment, energy, materials, and life sciences. Therefore, teachers should appropriately diet new discoveries, new inventions, and new developments in the teaching process. It is conscious that students will look forward to the future of chemistry—new energy, new materials, new medicines, and new foods. At the same time, they will also let students understand the cutting-edge of chemical science research in the world today. In addition, in conjunction with the teaching content, actively carrying out various forms of extracurricular activities, associating chemistry knowledge with social life practices, and introducing students into the interests of chemistry issues can greatly promote students' understanding of new technologies and methods, and effectively Cultivate students' innovative and innovative consciousness.
Second, pay attention to inspiration and cultivate students' innovative thinking
Creative thinking is the core of creative quality. To cultivate students' innovative qualities, we must focus on cultivating students' innovative thinking. For a long time, classroom teaching in our country has become accustomed to teaching modes taught by professors and students. Focusing only on the imparting of subject knowledge, often detached from life and reality, is not conducive to the student's subjective play, is not conducive to the cultivation and development of students' innovative thinking, and is not conducive to students' ability to initiate and solve problems. Therefore, we should insist on heuristic teaching in teaching, take students as the main body, improve teaching methods, encourage students to actively participate in, actively explore, actively think, and actively practice, and develop students creatively, focusing on cultivating students’ observation and imagination. Divergent thinking ability.
1. Develop student's observation ability
Observing ability is a basic ability to effectively explore the world and understand things, and is the basis for the development of innovative activity capabilities. It can be said that the whole process of Huaxin changes presents a rich and vivid visual image, which is a good material for training students' observation ability. In the ordinary course of teaching, we must make full use of chemical experiments or other intuitive conditions to stimulate students' interest in observation, guide students to master basic observation methods, and closely combine observation and thinking so that students can develop good observation habits.
2. Cultivate students' imagination
The most significant feature of imaginative thinking is intuitive and concrete. It is the use of senses to directly receive concrete imaginary information, and then form representations in the mind, and then use these representations to acquire knowledge through analogy, association, and other thought processing. This is the basis of cognitive activities. . To cultivate students' innovative thinking, we must focus on developing students' imagination.
3. Develop students' divergent thinking skills
In the structure of innovative thinking, it contains divergent thinking and convergence thinking. The so-called dispersal thinking starts from a certain point and does not rely on the conventional search for variability to make divergent associations and come up with multiple solutions and multiple conclusions. American psychologist Gilford thinks that divergent thinking has three characteristics: fluency, flexibility and originality. Visible, divergent thinking is the core of innovative thinking. Chemistry teaching content, there are many divergent thinking materials, guide well, can bring students to the situation of positive thinking. Students should learn to develop divergent thinking and guide their creative thinking. Teachers should fully mobilize the students' enthusiasm for learning, inspire students' thinking, and often do training in this area.
Third, pay attention to experiment, cultivate students' innovative ability
Experiments are the basis of chemistry. Some demonstration experiments and student experiments in current chemistry textbooks are mainly used as means for verifying chemical knowledge. They help students understand and consolidate chemical knowledge, and they do not play a good role in promoting students' innovation ability. Therefore, training should be done to improve students' innovative experiments and design experiments. In the teaching process, students are allowed to design experimental devices and experimental programs to enhance their exploration and innovation. The design of experimental devices and experimental programs is the most capable of cultivating students’ exploration spirit and innovation consciousness.
Of course, in chemistry teaching, there are many good materials for cultivating students' creative qualities, which are waiting to be discovered and used by our chemistry teachers. Some people say: "Only creative teachers can cultivate innovative students through innovative teaching methods." Therefore, our teachers should change their teaching concepts and strengthen them. The "Innovation Education" study effectively put "quality education" into practice.
To sum up, we must strengthen the cultivation of students' innovation and innovation consciousness, and chemistry as the science for research and development of new materials is the key to social development and human progress, and we need talented people with innovative ideas and innovative capabilities. It is more necessary to strengthen and cultivate students' sense of innovation and innovation. In the context of the new teaching materials, teachers must establish new teaching concepts, strengthen experimental teaching and experimental exploration, and cultivate students' sense of innovation and innovation.
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